Integrated liquid-core optical fibers for ultraefficient nonlinear liquid photonics

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82 Scopus citations


We have developed a novel integrated platform for liquid photonics based on liquid core optical fiber (LCOF). The platform is created by fusion splicing liquid core optical fiber to standard single-modeoptical fiber making it fully integrated and practical - a major challenge that has greatly hindered progress in liquid-photonic applications. As an example, we report here the realization of ultralow threshold Ramangeneration using an integrated CS2 filled LCOF pumped with subnanosecond pulses at 532nm and 1064nm. The measured energy threshold for the Stokes generation is 1nJ, about three orders of magnitude lower than previously reported values in the literature for hydrogen gas, a popular Raman medium. The integrated LCOF platform opens up new possibilities for ultralow power nonlinear optics such as efficient white light generation for displays, mid-IR generation, slow light generation, parametric amplification, all-optical switching and wavelength conversion using liquids that have orders of magnitude larger optical nonlinearities compared with silica glass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8148-8154
Number of pages7
JournalOptics Express
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 26 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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