Insights into the planetary dynamics of HD 206893 with ALMA

S. Marino, A. Zurlo, V. Faramaz, J. Milli, Th Henning, G. M. Kennedy, L. Matrà, S. Pérez, P. Delorme, L. A. Cieza, A. M. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radial substructure in the form of rings and gaps has been shown to be ubiquitous among protoplanetary discs. This could be the case in exo-Kuiper belts as well, and evidence for this is emerging. In this paper, we present ALMA observations of the debris/planetesimal disc surrounding HD 206893, a system that also hosts two massive companions at 2 and 11 au. Our observations reveal a disc extending from 30 to 180 au, split by a 27 au wide gap centred at 74 au, and no dust surrounding the reddened brown dwarf (BD) at 11 au. The gap width suggests the presence of a 0.9MJup planet at 74 au, which would be the third companion in this system. Using previous astrometry of the BD, combined with our derived disc orientation as a prior, we were able to better constrain its orbit finding it is likely eccentric (0.14+000504). For the innermost companion, we used radial velocity, proper motion anomaly, and stability considerations to show its mass and semimajor axis are likely in the ranges 4-100MJup and 1.4-4.5 au. These three companions will interact on secular time-scales and perturb the orbits of planetesimals, stirring the disc and potentially truncating it to its current extent via secular resonances. Finally, the presence of a gap in this system adds to the growing evidence that gaps could be common in wide exo-Kuiper belts. Out of six wide debris discs observed with ALMA with enough resolution, four to five show radial substructure in the form of gaps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1334
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume498
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Methods: numerical
  • Planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
  • Stars: individual: HD 206893
  • Submillimetre: planetary systems
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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