Insect-Inspired Micro Air Vehicles

Rajeev Kumar, Ryan Randall, Dima Silin, Sergey V. Shkarayev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


This study provides a literature review relevant to bioinspired micro air vehicle design, with emphasis placed on flapping locust hindwings. General ornithopter design and fabrication options are considered. Three sets of artificial wings are designed, constructed and tested. The artificial wings have varied chordwise stiffness and are each 49mmin length. Locust wing kinematics are quantified and used to design two different transmissions: one strictly flapping and the other a combination of active pitching and flapping. Force data are acquired for the locust and artificial wings; stroke-averaged results are discussed. Flapping-wing experiments span 10 Hz to 26 Hz at zero freestream velocity.A14-cm wingspan radio-controlled ornithopter is designed and built using some considered concepts. The aircraft was successfully tested and it performed controlled flight and demonstrated an ability to withstand moderate winds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Biomimetics and Bioinspiration
Subtitle of host publicationBiologically-driven Engineering of Materials, Processes, Devices, and Systems (In 3 Volumes)
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9789814354936
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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