Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1

Gary R. Elkins, William I. Fisher, Aimee K. Johnson, Cassie Kendrick, Lauren Koep, Jennifer Bunn, Michelle Perfect

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper addresses the preliminary development, construct validity, and psychometric properties of a brief self-report measure of psychological distress. 40 items were originally generated by doctoral level psychologists for use in the preliminary clinical sample. Inpatients from a psychiatric unit (N = 125) completed the items, and a principal-components analysis with a direct oblimin rotation was used to evaluate construct validity. The study indicated a four-factor solution, using the constructs of Depression, Hopelessness, Anxiety, and Anger, with good estimates of reliability. After evaluation of factor structure, item analyses, and reliability estimates, a redacted 19-item scale was identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-226
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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