Inhibition of integrin-mediated crosstalk with epidermal growth factor receptor/Erk or Src signaling pathways in autophagic prostate epithelial cells induces caspase-independent death

Mathew J. Edick, Lia Tesfay, Laura E. Lamb, Beatrice S. Knudsen, Cindy K. Miranti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

In vivo in the prostate gland, basal epithelial cells adhere to laminin 5 (LM5) via α3β1 and α6β4 integrins. When placed in culture primary prostate basal epithelial cells secrete and adhere to their own LM5-rich matrix. Adhesion to LM5 is required for cell survival that is dependent on integrin-mediated, ligand-independent activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase Src, but not PI-3K. Integrin-mediated adhesion via α3β1, but not α6β4 integrin, supports cell survival through EGFR by signaling downstream to Erk. PC3 cells, which do not activate EGFR or Erk on LM5-rich matrices, are not dependent on this pathway for survival. PC3 cells are dependent on PI-3K for survival and undergo caspase-dependent death when PI-3K is inhibited. The death induced by inhibition of EGFR or Src in normal primary prostate cells is not mediated through or dependent on caspase activation, but depends on the induction of reactive oxygen species. In addition the presence of an autophagic pathway, maintained by adhesion to matrix through α3β1 and α6β4, prevents the induction of caspases when EGFR or Src is inhibited. Suppression of autophagy is sufficient to induce caspase activation and apoptosis in LM5-adherent primary prostate epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2481-2490
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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