Infrared spectroscopy of explosives residues: Measurement techniques and spectral analysis

Mark C. Phillips, Bruce E. Bernacki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Standoff or noncontact techniques are needed for detection and identification of explosives and other materials when physical sampling is impossible, undesired, or not permitted. Reasons to avoid contact-based sampling include a need to remain a safe distance from a potential explosive threat, limited physical access to a surface, a desire for rapid in situ detection of explosives on a surface, or the need to conserve the analyte for additional laboratory methods. Optical techniques are inherently noncontact and nondestructive. A light source may be propagated over large distances before interacting with a sample and then may be propagated over a distance to a detector. The response of the material to optical radiation is very fast, as is the propagation time of the light to and from the sample. Material properties including transmission, reflection, and emission may be probed using optical techniques. By varying the wavelength of incident or detected light to record a spectrum, it is possible to define and measure a characteristic response of many materials for detection, identification, and sometimes quantification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLaser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages43
ISBN (Electronic)9781482233292
ISBN (Print)9781138748057
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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