Information processing in microtubules

Stuart R. Hameroff, Richard C. Watt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


Biological information processing, storage, and transduction are theorized to occur by "computer-like" transfer and resonance among subunits of polymerized cytoskeletal proteins: microtubules. Biological information functions (ciliary and flagellar control, axoplasmic transport, conscious awareness) could be explained by comparing microtubule structure and activities to Boolean switching matrices, parallel computers, and such technologies as transistor circuits, magnetic bubble memory, charge transfer devices, surface acoustic wave resonators, and/or holography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-561
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 21 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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