Influence of stellar compactness on finite-temperature effects in neutron star merger simulations

Carolyn A. Raithel, Vasileios Paschalidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Binary neutron star mergers probe the dense-matter equation of state (EoS) across a wide range of densities and temperatures, from the cold conditions of the inspiral to the high-temperature matter of the massive neutron star remnant. In this paper, we explore the sensitivity of neutron star mergers to uncertainties in the finite-temperature part of the EoS with a series of merger simulations performed in full general relativity. We expand on our previous work to explore the interplay between the thermal prescription and the stiffness of the zero-temperature EoS, which determines the compactness of the initial neutron stars. Using a phenomenological model of the particle effective mass, M∗, to calculate the finite-temperature part of the EoS, we perform merger simulations for a range of thermal prescriptions, together with two cold EoSs that predict either compact or large-radius initial neutron stars. We report on how the choice of M∗-parameters influences the thermal properties of the postmerger remnant, and how this varies for stars with different initial stellar compactness. We characterize the postmerger gravitational wave signals, and find differences in the peak frequencies of up to 190 Hz depending on the choice of M∗-parameters. Finally, we find that the total dynamical ejecta is in general only weakly sensitive to the thermal prescription, but that a particular combination of M∗-parameters, together with a soft cold EoS, can lead to significant enhancements in the ejecta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number083029
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 15 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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