Influence of multiband sign-changing superconductivity on vortex cores and vortex pinning in stoichiometric high- Tc CaKFe4As4 INFLUENCE of MULTIBAND SIGN-CHANGING ... ANTÓN FENTE et al.

Antón Fente, William R. Meier, Tai Kong, Vladimir G. Kogan, Sergey L. Bud'Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Isabel Guillamón, Hermann Suderow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use a scanning tunneling microscope to study the superconducting density of states and vortex lattice of single crystals of CaKFe4As4. This material has a critical temperature of Tc=35 K, one of the highest among stoichiometric iron based superconductors (FeBSCs), and is comparable to Tc found near optimal doping in other FeBSCs. We observe quasiparticle scattering from defects with a pattern related to interband scattering between zone centered hole sheets. We measure the tunneling conductance in vortex cores and find a peak due to Caroli-de Gennes-Matricon bound states. The peak is located above the Fermi level, showing that CaKFe4As4 is a clean superconductor with vortex core bound states close to the so-called extreme quantum limit. We identify locations where the superconducting order parameter is strongly suppressed due to pair breaking. Vortices are pinned at these locations, and the length scale of the suppression of the order parameter is of order of the vortex core size. As a consequence, the vortex lattice is disordered up to 8 T.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134501
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume97
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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