Influence of Mechanical Fatigue at Different States of Charge on Pouch-Type Li-Ion Batteries

Jin Yeong Kim, Jae Yeon Kim, Yu Jin Kim, Jaeheon Lee, Kwon Koo Cho, Jae Hun Kim, Jai Won Byeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Since flexible devices are being used in various states of charge (SoCs), it is important to investigate SoCs that are durable against external mechanical deformations. In this study, the effects of a mechanical fatigue test under various initial SoCs of batteries were investigated. More specifically, ultrathin pouch-type Li-ion polymer batteries with different initial SoCs were subjected to repeated torsional stress and then galvanostatically cycled 200 times. The cycle performance of the cells after the mechanical test was compared to investigate the effect of the initial SoCs. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was employed to analyze the interfacial resistance changes of the anode and cathode in the cycled cells. When the initial SoC was at 70% before mechanical deformation, both electrodes well maintained their initial state during the mechanical fatigue test and the cell capacity was well retained during the cycling test. This indicates that the cells could well endure mechanical fatigue stress when both electrodes had moderate lithiation states. With initial SoCs at 0% and 100%, the batteries subjected to the mechanical test exhibited relatively drastic capacity fading. This indicates that the cells are vulnerable to mechanical fatigue stress when both electrodes have high lithiation states. Furthermore, it is noted that the stress accumulated inside the batteries caused by mechanical fatigue can act as an accelerated degradation factor during cycling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5557
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Li-ion battery
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • flexible battery
  • mechanical fatigue test
  • state of charge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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