Influence of Intestinal Stoma on Spiritual Quality of Life of U.S. Veterans

Carol M. Baldwin, Marcia Grant, Christopher Wendel, Susan Rawl, C. Max Schmidt, Clifford ko, Robert S. Krouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: To examine spiritual quality of life (QOL) of veterans with intestinal ostomies. Design: Mixed-method cross-sectional. Methods: Male veterans with total scores in the upper (n = 59) and lower (n = 61) quartiles of the City of Hope Quality-of-Life–Ostomy survey provided spiritual QOL data. Analyses included chi-square and analysis of variance with significance set at p <.05. Content analysis was used to explicate narratives and focus groups. Results: The high spiritual QOL group was more likely to be married, older, and report more years since surgery (each p <.0001). Upper quartile participants had more favorable scores for several spiritual QOL domains (all p <.0001). Qualitative comments reflected high or low total QOL scores. Conclusions: Spiritual QOL is influenced by an intestinal stoma. Qualitative comments lend insight into the meaning of spirituality items. Findings can assist in the provision of holistic care in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Holistic Nursing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008


  • holistic care
  • quality of life
  • spirituality
  • veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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