Influence of Capture Selectivity and Left Intrahisian Block on QRS Characteristics During Left Bundle Branch Pacing

Weiping Sun, Gaurav A. Upadhyay, Roderick Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study sought to examine QRS and intracardiac characteristics during selective (S) and nonselective (NS) left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) from direct left septal recordings. Background: Criteria for S-LBBP and NS-LBBP have not been validated with intracardiac mapping. Methods: Pacing was performed from multielectrode Purkinje recordings below the left-sided His. S-LBBP and NS-LBBP were performed in patients with narrow QRS (n = 9), right bundle branch block (n = 3), intraventricular conduction delay (n = 5), and left bundle branch block (n = 10). QRS duration was measured from stimulus onset (QRSst) and from the intrinsicoid deflection of the R-wave in V1-V2 (QRSid) to QRS end. Retrograde left bundle branch conduction was assessed by stimulus-to-retrograde His intervals. Results: Among 27 patients analyzed, 20 demonstrated both NS- and S-LBBP and were studied in paired comparisons. NS-LBBP resulted in narrower QRS compared to S-LBBP (QRSst: 163 ms [interquartile range (IQR): 144-179 ms] vs 181 ms [IQR: 173-203 ms]; P < 0.001; QRSid: 125 ms [IQR: 117-142 ms] vs 150 ms [IQR: 135-157 ms]; P < 0.001). Left ventricular activation time was also significantly shorter for NS-LBBP compared to S-LBBP (88 ms [IQR: 75-111 ms] vs 97 ms [IQR: 82-123 ms]; P = 0.019). Left intrahisian block was bidirectional in 10 patients with long retrograde stimulus-to-His intervals. QRSst duration was significantly longer in patients with complete conduction block compared to those with intact Purkinje activation during NS-LBBP (181 ms [IQR: 162-195 ms] vs 157 ms [IQR: 139-168 ms]; P = 0.022). Conclusions: In contrast to His-bundle pacing, S-LBBP predominantly yields a wide QRS as a result of delayed RBB synchronization, whereas NS-LBBP results in shorter QRS duration because of recruitment of the basal right ventricular septum. A wider-paced morphology of LBBP was noted in patients with complete conduction block caused by bidirectional left intrahisian block. Achievement of narrow QRS during LBBP is predicated upon capture nonselectivity or programmed atrioventricular fusion, rather than intrinsic physiologic synchrony from left bundle branch stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-647
Number of pages13
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiac resynchronization
  • intraventricular conduction delay
  • left bundle branch block
  • left bundle branch pacing
  • left ventricular activation time
  • right bundle branch block

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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