Influence of agents that affect intracellular calcium regulation on progesterone secretion in small and large luteal cells of the sheep

P. B. Hoyer, S. L. Marion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Enriched fractions of small and large luteal cells were incubated for 2 h with 1 or 10 μM calcium ionophore, A23187: unstimulated secretion of progesterone and viability in small cells were not affected but these measures were decreased (P < 0.01) for unstimulated large cells and were significantly correlated (P < 0.05). This effect in large cells was independent of extracellular calcium. Therefore, incubations of the two cell types were made in the presence of increasing concentrations of a protein kinase C activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA). Secretion of progesterone and viability were not augmented in unstimulated small cells, but TPA prevented (P < 0.05) the full stimulation of secretion of progesterone by LH. Secretion of progesterone in unstimulated large cells was inhibited (P < 0.01) by TPA (100 nM and 10 μM), although viability was unaffected. The non-tumour promoting phorbol ester, 4α-phorbol didecanoate, had no effect on large cells. Extracellular calcium was not required for the observed effect of TPA. Sphingosine, an agent inhibitory to protein kinase C activity, inhibited (P < 0.01) secretion of progesterone in small and large cells, and also reduced (P < 0.01) cell viability. These values were significantly correlated (P < 0.05) in both cell types. The above observations suggest that protein kinase C may invoke negative regulation on progesterone production in unstimulated large and hormone-stimulated small luteal cells of sheep. Since sphingosine significantly reduced viability in small and large cells and ionophore selectively inhibited viability in large cells, the ability of these agents to influence calcium-mediated intracellular regulation of steroidogenesis is still uncertain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of reproduction and fertility
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology


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