Inflammatory breast cancer treated with surgery, chemotherapy and allogeneic tumor cell/BCG immunotherapy

Charles Wiseman, J. M. Jessup, Terry L. Smith, Evan Hersh, James Bowen, George Blumenshein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Thirteen consecutive patients with inflammatory breast cancer were treated with a regimen consisting of cyclic chemotherapy, extended simple mastectomy, and immunotherapy utilizing irradiated allogeneic breast cancer cells admixed with BCG. When surgery was performed after two or more cycles of 5‐U, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide, there was complete eradication of detectable tumor in three of 11 operative specimens. Two patients had surgery prior to our evaluation and four had prior chemotherapy. Chest wall radiation was initiated after 8–10+ months of chemotherapy at the doxorubicin cardiotoxicity limits. Seven untreated patients, all premenopausal, were compared to our previous series which employed either irradiation after several courses of chemotherapy or irradiation alone.12 The current series has two relapses (eight months, 25 months) at a median follow‐up time of 21 months (range, 8–26 months). In the previous chemoradiotherapy trial, all nine premenopausal patients had relapsed within 25 months, with a median disease free interval of 17 months. In the trial using radiotherapy alone, all ten patients had relapsed by 19 months (median disease free interval, nine months). The present regimen appears to improve control of the disease and further investigation of both surgery and immunotherapy intercalated with cyclic chemotherapy appears warranted in this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1266-1271
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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