Indirect Effects of Family Cohesion on Emerging Adult Perfectionism Through Anxious Rearing and Social Expectations

Chris Segrin, Trevor B. Kauer, Tricia J. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objectives: Perfectionism is a potentially maladaptive personality trait that is associated with dysfunctional family of origin parenting practices. In this research, a structural model was tested in which family cohesion was predicted to have indirect effects on perfectionism in emerging adults though anxious parenting and parental conditional regard. Methods: The model was tested on a sample of 257 emerging adults attending universities in the U.S.A. Participants completed survey measures of perfectionism, their parents’ anxious parenting and conditional regard, and several indicators of family cohesion. Results: The results supported the hypothesized indirect effects, consistent with the anxious rearing and social expectations theoretical pathways to perfectionism. Specifically, family cohesion was negatively associated with both anxious rearing and conditional regard, each of which were in turn positively associated with perfectionism. Conclusions: The findings suggest that perfectionism in young adults is linked with low levels of family cohesion that coexist in a network of dysfunctional parenting practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2280-2285
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 5 2019


  • Anxious parenting
  • Conditional regard
  • Family cohesion
  • Perfectionism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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