Increasing daily precipitation intensity associated with warmer air temperatures over northern Eurasia

Hengchun Ye, Eric J. Fetzer, Ali Behrangi, Sun Wong, Bjorn H. Lambrigtsen, Crysti Y. Wang, Judah Cohen, Brandi L. Gamelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study uses 45 years of observational records from 517 historical surface weather stations over northern Eurasia to examine changing precipitation characteristics associated with increasing air temperatures. Results suggest that warming air temperatures over northern Eurasia have been accompanied by higher precipitation intensity but lower frequency and little change in annual precipitation total. An increase in daily precipitation intensity of around 1%-3% per each degree of air temperature increase is found for all seasons as long as a station's seasonal mean air temperature is below about 15°-16°C. This threshold temperature may be location dependent. At temperatures above this threshold, precipitation intensity switches to decreasing with increasing air temperature, possibly related to decreasing water vapor associated with extreme high temperatures. Furthermore, the major atmospheric circulation of the Arctic Oscillation, Scandinavian pattern, east Atlantic-western Eurasian pattern, and polar-Eurasian pattern also have significant influences on precipitation intensity in winter, spring, and summer over certain areas of northern Eurasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-636
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Arctic Oscillation
  • Climate change
  • Climate variability
  • Geographic location/entity
  • Interdecadal variability
  • Mixed precipitation
  • Physical meteorology and climatology
  • Variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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