In- Vitro Hepatotoxicity of Three Dichlorobenzene Isomers in Human Liver Slices

Robyn Fisher, John Barr, Charles F. Zukoski, Charles W. Putnam, I. Glenn Sipes, A. Jay Gandolfi, Klaus Brendel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


1 The cytotoxicity of dichlorobenzenes in cultured rat liver slices has previously been shown to be strain specific and biotransformation related. 2 In order to extrapolate animal models to humans, the dichlorobenzenes were incubated with human liver slices to try to clarify their hepatotoxic potential in man. 3 The degree of hepatotoxicity observed with the dichlorobenzenes depended on whether Waymouth's or Krebs-Henseleit was used as the incubation medium. 4 All three dichlorobenzenes (1 mM) produced no significant differences from control when incubated in Waymouth's medium. However, in the Krebs-Henseleit buffer there was a substantial increase in cytotoxicity. 5 In both incubation mediums the dichlorobenzene isomers exhibited the following rank order 1,3-DCB > 1,2-DCB > 1,4-DCB. 6 1,2-dichlorobenzene hepatotoxicity was blocked by metyrapone, 1,3-dichlorobenzene toxicity was blocked by SKF 525-A and neither one of these inhibitors could block the 1,4-dichlorobenzene cytotoxicity. 7 The use of human liver tissues to evaluate potential toxicants merits consideration since the hepatotoxicity of xenobiotics and drugs in man is the ultimate question.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-363
Number of pages7
JournalHuman & Experimental Toxicology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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