In Situ Laser Raman Spectroscopy Studies of VPO Catalyst Transformations

Zhi Yang Xue, Glenn L. Schrader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


VPO catalyst transformations were investigated using in situ laser Raman spectroscopy. During reduction -oxidation step changes, (VO)2P2O7 was readily converted to αII-, δ-VOPO4, and ultimately to β-VOPO4 in O2/N2; these V5+ phases were eliminated in n-butane/N2. A wet N2 feed (5-10% H2O in N2) transformed (VO)2P2O7 and αI-, αII-, β-, δ-, γ-VOPO4 to V2O5 at temperatures above 400°C. The presence of water vapor facilitated the loss of oxygen atoms involved in V - O - P bonding, and separated vanadium oxide and phosphorus oxide species were formed. The isolated vanadium oxide species could be transformed to V2O5; phosphorus species likely diffused from the catalyst lattice in the form of acid phosphates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9459-9467
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 4 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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