Improving Post-Relocation Support for People Resettled by Infrastructure Development

Theodore E. Downing, Guoqing Shi, Mohammad Zaman, Carmen Garcia-Downing

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Lagging other components, project-induced resettlement rarely, if ever, is completed after those resettled are compensated and replacement infrastructure handed-over. Initiating livelihood restoration programs may jumpstart but fall short of re-articulating dismantled local economies. Successful resettlement requires pre- and post-relocation actions that will help resellers and their hosts re-articulate new routine social and economic arrangements and improve their well-being. This Special Issue examines the distinct challenges of the post-relocation phase of resettlement. During this phase, the resettlement burdens shift from the relocation project to the resettlers, their hosts, and third parties; from individual to collective issues; and from mitigation to development. For decades, China has experienced with a variety of long-term, post-relocation policies, programs and methodologies. The contributors provide a glimpse of an extensive toolkit being crafted for use in this localized context-defined phase. Some are transferable. Others are not. Post-relocation support (PReS) adds value to improving the likelihood of successful outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-365
Number of pages9
JournalImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2021


  • Involuntary resettlement
  • benefit-sharing (BS)
  • development-induced displacement and resettlement (DIDR)
  • economics of well-being
  • land acquisition
  • post-relocation support (PReS)
  • post-resettlement support (PRS)
  • project affected people (PAP)
  • social impact assessment
  • social stability risk assessment (SSRA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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