Improving CdS quantum dot materials by the sol-gel method

Chia Yen Li, Yu Hua Kao, Kazutaka Hayashi, Toshimi Takada, John D. Mackenzie, Koo Il Kang, San Goo Lee, Nasser Peyghambarian, Masayuki Yamane, Guangwen Zhang, S. Iraj Najafi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this paper we discuss our approaches and results for the preparation of improved semiconductor quantum dot materials by the sol-gel method. By taking advantage of the low-temperature sol-gel route, the nanostructure and optical properties of CdS quantum dots were greatly improved for device applications. Pore-free sodium borosilicate (NBS) glasses and organically-modified silicates (ORMOSILs) were used as matrices for the CdS nanocrystallites. Results from both degenarate four-wave mixing and pump-probe techniques indicated large third-order nonlinear responses of the order of 10-6 esu from CdS-doped NBS glasses. By using potassium ion exchange, the first CdS-doped channel waveguides were fabricated in NBS glasses. Propagation of femtosecond laser pulses through the waveguide was investigated. Pulse breakup effect that may be the result of soliton formation was observed in these waveguides. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was used as the organic component to modify the silica gel. CdS-doped ORMOSILs derived from the PDMS-TEOS system exhibits improved mechanical property and film-forming ability compared to purely inorganic gels. Both CdS-doped PDMS-TEOS ORMOSILs and NBS glasses were much more resistant to photodarkening than the glasses made by melting. The use of the bifunctional ligand 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) significantly reduced the average particle size and narrowed the size distribution of CdS quantum dots in silica gels and densified NBS glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Oct 13 1994
EventSol-Gel Optics III 1994 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jul 24 1994Jul 29 1994


  • CdS
  • Ion exchange
  • Optical waveguide
  • Quantum dot
  • Sol-gel method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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