Importance of maintaining the basic stress pathway above the acetabular dome during acetabular reconstruction

Yong Nie, Fuxing Pei, Bin Shen, Pengde Kang, Zongming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: The basic stress pathway above the acetabular dome is important for the maintenance of implant stability in press-fit acetabular reconstruction of total hip arthroplasty. However, information on the basic stress pathway and its impact factors remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the orientations and positions of the acetabular component on the basic stress pathway. The basic stress pathway above the acetabular dome was defined as two parts: 3D basic trabecular bone stress distribution and quantified basic cortical bone stress level, using two subject-specific finite element normal hip models. The effects were then analysed by generating 32 reconstructed acetabular cases with different cup abduction and anteversion angles within a range of 35–50° and 10–25°, respectively, and 12 cases with different hip centre heights within a range of 0–15 mm above the acetabular dome. The 3D trabecular stress distribution decreased remarkably in all cases, while the 80% of the basic cortical bone stress level was maintained in cases when the acetabular component was positioned at 10° or 15° anteversion and 40° or 45° abduction angles. The basic stress pathway above the acetabular dome was disturbed when the superior displacement of the hip centre exceeded 5 mm above the anatomical hip centre. Positioning the acetabular component correctly contributes to maintain the stress balance between the acetabular cup and the bone during acetabular reconstruction, thus helping restore the normal hip biomechanics and preserve the stability of the implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)977-984
Number of pages8
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acetabular component orientation and position
  • acetabular dome
  • acetabular reconstruction
  • basic stress pathway
  • stress transfer
  • Total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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