Implicit biases in healthcare: implications and future directions for gynecologic oncology

Tara K. Torres, Dana M. Chase, Ritu Salani, Heidi A. Hamann, Jeff Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Health disparities have been found among patients with gynecologic cancers, with the greatest differences arising among groups based on racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic factors. Although there may be multiple social barriers that can influence health disparities, another potential influence may stem from healthcare system factors that unconsciously perpetuate bias toward patients who are racially and socioeconomically disadvantaged. More recent research suggested that providers hold these implicit biases (automatic and unconscious attitudes) for stigmatized populations with cancer, with emerging evidence for patients with gynecologic cancer. These implicit biases may guide providers’ communication and medical judgments, which, in turn, may influence the patient's satisfaction with and trust in the provider. This narrative review consolidated the current research on implicit bias in healthcare, with a specific emphasis on oncology professionals, and identified future areas of research for examining and changing implicit biases in the field of gynecologic oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • cancer health disparities
  • gynecologic oncology
  • implicit bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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