Impact of Residency Programs on Professional Socialization of Newly Licensed Registered Nurses

Marlene Kramer, Patrica Maguire, Diana Halfer, Barbara Brewer, Claudia Schmalenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Do Nurse Residency Programs (NRPs) reflect the professional socialization process? Residency facilitators in 34 Magnet hospitals completed Residency Program Questionnaires constructed to reflect the goals, themes, components, and strategies of the professional socialization process described in the literature. NRPs in 4 hospitals exemplified the complete two-stage (role transition and role/community integration) process. In 14 hospitals, NRPs were of sufficient length and contained components that reflected the professional socialization process. In 16 hospitals, NRPs exemplified the "becoming" role transition stage. What components are most effective in the professional socialization of new graduate nurses? A total of 907 new and experienced nurses, nurse managers, and educators working on clinical units with confirmed healthy work environments in 20 Magnet hospitals with additional "excellence designations" were interviewed. Components identified as most instrumental were precepted experience, reflective seminars, skill acquisition, reflective practice sessions, evidence-based management projects, and clinical coaching-mentoring sessions. Suggestions for improvement of NRPs are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-496
Number of pages38
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • descriptive quantitative
  • nurses
  • nursing practice
  • qualitative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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