Impact of Imine Bond Orientations on the Geometric and Electronic Structures of Imine-based Covalent Organic Frameworks

Sangni Xun, Hong Li, Gjergji Sini, Jean Luc Bredas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many efforts are currently devoted to improving the stability and crystallinity of imine-based two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic frameworks (COFs) given their wide range of potential applications. The variation in the relative orientations of the imine bonds has been found to be a critical factor that impacts the stacking of the 2D COF layers, leads to the formation of isomer structures, and influences the crystallinity of the final product. Most investigations to date have focused only on the structural properties, while the role of the imine orientations on the electronic properties has not been studied systematically. Here, we explore this effect by examining how the electronic band structures, electronic couplings, and effective masses evolve when considering four isomeric structures of an imine-linked tetraphenyl-pyrene naphthalene-diimide COF. Our results provide an understanding of the impact of the imine orientations and how they need to be controlled to realize COF inter-layer stackings that can lead to efficient cross-plane electron transport. They can be used to guide the design and synthesis of imine-based COFs for applications where charge transport needs to be optimized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3781-3789
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Volume16
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DFT calculations
  • band structures
  • electron transport
  • imine-based 2D COFs
  • isomers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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