Objective. The objective of our study was to compare ultrasound (US) tophus and monosodium urate (MSU) deposit detection and US tophus size in the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) 1 joint with dual-energy CT (DECT) using two DECT postprocessing protocols in patients presenting with podagra. Subjects and Methods. Seventy-five consecutive patients with podagra (66 men and nine women; mean age, 65.6 years; age range, 33-88 years) and 75 control subjects with MTP 1 joint osteoarthritis (49 men and 26 women; mean age, 63.0 years; age range, 35- 87 years) prospectively underwent US and DECT between 2016 and 2018 to assess the MTP 1 joint. Two Syngovia postprocessing DECT protocols with different minimum attenuation thresholds of 150 HU (DECT 150 protocol) versus 120 HU (DECT 120 protocol) and the same maximum attenuation threshold (500 HU) and constant kilovoltage setting of tubes A and B at 80 and 140 kVp were evaluated. Interobserver variability of the two DECT protocols was calculated and compared with that of US. Results. The postprocessing DECT 150 protocol was positive for tophus detection in 55 of 75 patients (73.3%) with podagra, whereas the postprocessing DECT 120 protocol detected MSU deposits in all 75 patients (100%). Tophus size assessed using the DECT 120 protocol showed an improved correlation with tophus size detected on US (p < 0.01). Interobserver variability of DECT was improved when using the DECT 120 protocol (p < 0.01). Conclusion. The postprocessing DECT 120 protocol enables improved visualization of MSU deposits and provides more accurate information about tophus size that better correlates with tophus size on US compared with the standard postprocessing DECT 150 protocol.
- Dual-energy CT
- Gouty arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging