Imaging metal atoms in air and water using the atomic force microscope

S. Manne, H. J. Butt, S. A.C. Gould, P. K. Hansma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Gold atoms in an epitaxial film on mica are clearly visible in images obtained with an atomic force microscope (AFM). The measured lattice spacing of 3.0±0.3 Å is consistent with previous scanning tunneling microscope images obtained in air and vacuum. Atoms are visible even if the sample surface, tip, and cantilever are submerged in water in a closed cell. Electrochemical studies of metal electrodes at atomic resolution may now be possible with the AFM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1758-1759
Number of pages2
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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