Identifying antecedent conditions responsible for the high rate of mining injuries in Zambia

Hugh B. Miller, Thomson Sinkala, Ralph F. Renger, Erin M. Peacock, Joseph A. Tabor, Jefferey L. Burgess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The incident rates of mining-related accidents and injuries in developing countries exceed those of developed nations. Interventions by international organizations routinely fail to produce appreciable long-term improvement. One major reason is the inability to identify and analyze the underlying factors responsible for creating unsafe working conditions. Understanding these antecedent conditions is necessary to formulate effective intervention strategies and prioritize the use of limited resources. This study utilized a logic model approach to determine the root causes and broad categories of potential interventions for mining accidents and injuries in Zambia. Results showed that policy interventions have the greatest potential for substantive change. A process of educating officials from government and mining companies about the economic and social merits of health and safety programs and extensive changes in regulatory structure and enforcement are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006


  • Developing countries
  • Logic modeling
  • Mining health and safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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