Identification and quantitation of nonylphenol ethoxylates and nonylphenol in fish tissues from Michigan

Timothy L. Keith, Shane A. Snyder, Carter G. Naylor, Charles A. Staples, Cheryl Summer, Kurunthachalam Kannan, John P. Giesy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


Nonylphenol (NP) and its lower ethoxylates, nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NPE1) and nonylphenol diethoxylate (NPE2), can be present in aquatic environments at total concentrations of more than 10 μg/L. They are metabolites of nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NPE) and have been found to be weakly estrogenic. To evaluate bioaccumulation potential and identify potential risks posed by these chemicals, concentrations of NP, NPE1, NPE2, and nonylphenol triethoxylate (NPE3) were determined in the tissues of fish inhabiting various waters in Michigan. This method involves extraction of samples using exhaustive steam distillation with concurrent liquid extraction. Concentrations of NP among all sites and species ranged from <3.3 to 29.1 ng/g, ww and varied little among sites. NPE1 was detectable in some samples but at concentrations less than the method detection limit (16.8 ng/g). Concentrations of NPE2 and NPE3 in all samples were less than their respective MDLs of 18.2 and 20.6 ng/g.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-13
Number of pages4
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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