Individuals with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome exhibit various connective tissue pathologies associated with dysregulated extracellular matrix homeostasis. PEX glaucoma is a common, aggressive form of open-angle glaucoma resulting from the deposition of fibrillary material in the conventional outflow pathway. However, the molecular mechanisms that drive pathogenesis and genetic risk remain poorly understood. PEX glaucoma-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms are located in and affect activity of the promoter of LOXL1-AS1, a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). Nuclear and non-nuclear lncRNAs regulate a host of biological processes, and when dysregulated, contribute to disease. Here we report that LOXL1-AS1 localizes to the nucleus where it selectively binds to the mRNA processing protein, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein-L (hnRNPL). Both components of this complex are critical for the regulation of global gene expression in ocular cells, making LOXL1-AS1 a prime target for investigation in PEX syndrome and glaucoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology