'I don't sleep through the night': Qualitative study of sleep in type 1 diabetes

Samantha A. Carreon, Viena T. Cao, Barbara J. Anderson, Deborah I. Thompson, David G. Marrero, Marisa E. Hilliard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Aims: Individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience greater sleep disturbances than people without diabetes. However, the nature, causes and effects of sleep disruption in individuals with T1D and their family are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to explore and characterise the perspectives of parents, partners and individuals with diabetes about T1D-related sleep issues. Methods: Participants included 44 youth and adults with T1D (ages 9–69), 24 parents of youth with T1D, and 14 partners of adults with T1D, recruited from diabetes clinics at two academic medical centres in the Southwestern and Midwestern United States. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were transcribed verbatim, coded and analysed using hybrid thematic analysis. Results: We identified two central themes: Emotional Distress and Sleep Disruption. Each theme had multiple subthemes, and the two central themes were related to one another via a shared subtheme, Worry Impacting Sleep. Conclusions: Complex T1D-related emotional and behavioural factors both contributed to and resulted from sleep difficulties. Diabetes care providers should routinely assess for sleep concerns in people with T1D and their parents and partners. It may be important to consider both diabetes-related causes of sleep disruptions and potential impacts on self management and emotional functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14763
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • adolescent
  • adult
  • child
  • diabetes mellitus
  • sleep
  • type 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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