Hypoxia simultaneously alters satellite cell-mediated angiogenesis and hepatocyte growth factor expression

K. L. Flann, C. R. Rathbone, L. C. Cole, X. Liu, R. E. Allen, R. P. Rhoads

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Scopus citations


    Skeletal muscle regeneration is a multifaceted process requiring the spatial and temporal coordination of myogenesis as well as angiogenesis. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) plays a pivotal role in myogenesis by activating satellite cells (SC) in regenerating muscle and likely plays a role as a contributor to revascularization. Moreover, repair of a functional blood supply is critical to ameliorate tissue ischemia and restore skeletal muscle function, however effects of hypoxia on satellite cell-mediated angiogenesis remain unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the role of HGF and effect of hypoxia on the capacity of satellite cells to promote angiogenesis. To characterize the role of HGF, a microvascular fragment (MVF) culture model coupled with satellite cell conditioned media (CM) was employed. The activity of HGF was specifically blocked in SC CM reducing sprout length compared to control CM. In contrast, MVF sprout number did not differ between control or HGF-deficient SC CM media. Next, we cultured MVF in the presence of CM from satellite cells exposed to normoxic (20% O2) or hypoxic (1% O2) conditions. Hypoxic CM recapitulated a MVF angiogenic response identical to HGF deficient satellite cell CM. Hypoxic conditions increased satellite cell HIF-1α protein abundance and VEGF mRNA abundance but decreased HGF mRNA abundance compared to normoxic satellite cells. Consistent with reduced HGF gene expression, HGF promoter activity decreased during hypoxia. Taken together, this data indicates that hypoxic modulation of satellite cell-mediated angiogenesis involves a reduction in satellite cell HGF expression.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)572-579
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - May 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Cell Biology


    Dive into the research topics of 'Hypoxia simultaneously alters satellite cell-mediated angiogenesis and hepatocyte growth factor expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this