Human papillomavirus prevalence at the USA-Mexico border among women 40 years of age and older

A. R. Giuliano, M. R. Papenfuss, C. A. Denman, J. Guernsey De Zapien, M. Abrahamsen, J. B. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The incidence of cervical cancer increases with age among USA Hispanics and women living in Latin America starting in the fourth decade of life. We conducted a study of women ≥40 living at the USA-Mexico border to determine the prevalence and risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection detected by polymerase chain reaction. In all, 9.2% of participants tested HPV positive. Compared with women aged 50-59, odds ratios of 8.82 and 6.67 were observed for women ≥60 and 40-49, respectively. Among women aged 40-49, both oncogenic and non-oncogenic HPV infections were detected; however, women ≥60 were positive for predominantly oncogenic genotypes. HPV risk significantly increased with ≥2 lifetime sexual partners in adjusted models. These data suggest that the prevalence of HPV infection may have a second peak among post-menopausal Hispanic women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-251
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Hispanic women
  • Human papillomavirus
  • USA-Mexico border

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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