Human leukocyte antigen i knockdown human embryonic stem cells induce host ignorance and achieve prolonged xenogeneic survival

Tobias Deuse, Martina Seifert, Neil Phillips, Andrew Fire, Dolly Tyan, Mark Kay, Philip S. Tsao, Xiaoqin Hua, Joachim Velden, Thomas Eiermann, Hans Dieter Volk, Hermann Reichenspurner, Robert C. Robbins, Sonja Schrepfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Although human embryonic stem cells (hESC) have enormous potential for cell replacement therapy of heart failure, immune rejection of hESC derivatives inevitably would occur after transplantation. We therefore aimed to generate a hypoantigeneic hESC line with improved survival characteristics. Methods and Results-Using various in vivo, nonischemic, hindlimb xenotransplant models (immunocompetent and defined immunodefective mouse strains) as well as human in vitro T-cell and natural killer (NK)-cell assays, we revealed a central role for T cells in mediating hESC rejection. The NK-cell susceptibility of hESC in vivo was found to be low, and the NK response to hESC challenge in vitro was negligible. To reduce the antigenicity of hESC, we successfully generated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) I knockdown cells (hESC) using both HLA I RNA interference (siRNA) and intrabody (IB) technology. HLA I expression was99% reduced after 7 days and remained low for weeks. Cellular immune recognition of these hESC was strongly reduced in both xenogeneic and allogeneic settings. Immune rejection was profoundly mitigated after hESC transplantation into immunocompetent mice, and even long-term graft survival was achieved in one third of the animals without any immunosuppression. The survival benefit of hESC was further confirmed under ischemic conditions in a left anterior descending coronary artery ligation model. Conclusions-HLA I knockdown hESC provoke T-cell ignorance and experience largely mitigated xenogeneic rejection. By generating hypoantigeneic hESC lines, the generation of acceptable hESC derivatives may become a practical concept and push cell replacement strategies forward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S3-S9
JournalCirculation
Volume124
Issue number11 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cells
  • gene therapy
  • immunology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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