Human hepatic cytochrome P-450 composition as probed by in vitro microsomal metabolism of warfarin

L. S. Kaminsky, D. A. Dunbar, P. P. Wang, P. Beaune, D. Larrey, F. P. Guengerich, R. G. Schnellmann, I. G. Sipes

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53 Scopus citations


Human liver microsomal fractions from 27 renal donors (tissue obtained post mortem) and from six cancer patients (tissue obtained during surgery) were used to investigate human hepatic cytochrome P-450 isozyme compositions. In vitro microsomal metabolism of the R and S enantiomers of warfarin to dehydrowarfarin and 4'-, 6-, 7-, 8-, and 10-hydroxywarfarin is catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 isozymes and was used as the basis for evaluating similarities and differences between human cytochrome P-450 isozyme compositions. The mean hepatic cytochrome P-450 concentration from postmortem samples was not significantly different from that of surgical patients (0.51 ± 0.16 vs. 0.35 ± 0.14 nmol/mg protein), but the NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase activity of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter (141 ± 56 vs. 29 ± 6 nmol cytochrome c reduced/min/mg protein). In general, the microsomal preparations were overall stereoselective for R warfarin metabolism. The stereoselectivities for formation of the individual metabolites of the R enantiomer were 6-, 8-, and 10-hydroxywarfarin and the S enantiomer were 4'- and 7-hydroxywarfarin. Of the 33 microsomal preparations, 21 exhibited qualitatively similar warfarin metabolite profiles with 6R- and 7S-hydroxywarfarin having the highest formation rates. Some of the preparations exhibited markedly different metabolite profiles, the most notable having 10R-hydroxywarfarin as the major metabolite. Based on the known warfarin metabolite profiles of five purified cytochrome P-450 isozymes, the isozyme composition of the microsomes can be estimated. The majority of the microsomal preparations apparently had similar isozymes compositions but some preparations were markedly different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-477
Number of pages8
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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