Human liver microsomal fractions from 27 renal donors (tissue obtained post mortem) and from six cancer patients (tissue obtained during surgery) were used to investigate human hepatic cytochrome P-450 isozyme compositions. In vitro microsomal metabolism of the R and S enantiomers of warfarin to dehydrowarfarin and 4'-, 6-, 7-, 8-, and 10-hydroxywarfarin is catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 isozymes and was used as the basis for evaluating similarities and differences between human cytochrome P-450 isozyme compositions. The mean hepatic cytochrome P-450 concentration from postmortem samples was not significantly different from that of surgical patients (0.51 ± 0.16 vs. 0.35 ± 0.14 nmol/mg protein), but the NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase activity of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter (141 ± 56 vs. 29 ± 6 nmol cytochrome c reduced/min/mg protein). In general, the microsomal preparations were overall stereoselective for R warfarin metabolism. The stereoselectivities for formation of the individual metabolites of the R enantiomer were 6-, 8-, and 10-hydroxywarfarin and the S enantiomer were 4'- and 7-hydroxywarfarin. Of the 33 microsomal preparations, 21 exhibited qualitatively similar warfarin metabolite profiles with 6R- and 7S-hydroxywarfarin having the highest formation rates. Some of the preparations exhibited markedly different metabolite profiles, the most notable having 10R-hydroxywarfarin as the major metabolite. Based on the known warfarin metabolite profiles of five purified cytochrome P-450 isozymes, the isozyme composition of the microsomes can be estimated. The majority of the microsomal preparations apparently had similar isozymes compositions but some preparations were markedly different.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science