Hubble space telescope optical imaging of the eroding debris disk HD 61005

H. L. Maness, P. Kalas, K. M.G. Peek, E. I. Chiang, K. Scherer, M. P. Fitzgerald, James R. Graham, D. C. Hines, G. Schneider, S. A. Metchev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present Hubble Space Telescope optical coronagraphic polarization imaging observations of the dusty debris disk HD 61005. The scattered light intensity image and polarization structure reveal a highly inclined disk with a clear asymmetric, swept back component, suggestive of significant interaction with the ambient interstellar medium (ISM). The combination of our new data with the published 1.1 μm discovery image shows that the grains are blue scattering with no strong color gradient as a function of radius, implying predominantly submicron-sized grains. We investigate possible explanations that could account for the observed swept back, asymmetric morphology. Previous work has suggested that HD 61005 may be interacting with a cold, unusually dense interstellar cloud. However, limits on the intervening interstellar gas column density from an optical spectrum of HD 61005 in the Na I D lines render this possibility unlikely. Instead, HD 61005 may be embedded in a more typical warm, low-density cloud that introduces secular perturbations to dust grain orbits. This mechanism can significantly distort the ensemble disk structure within a typical cloud crossing time. For a counterintuitive relative flow direction - parallel to the disk midplane - we find that the structures generated by these distortions can very roughly approximate the HD 61005 morphology. Future observational studies constraining the direction of the relative ISM flow will thus provide an important constraint for future modeling. Independent of the interpretation for HD 61005, we expect that interstellar gas drag likely plays a role in producing asymmetries observed in other debris disk systems, such as HD 15115 and δ Velorum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1114
Number of pages17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume707
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Planetary systems: formation
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Stars: individual (HD 61005)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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