How can we improve school discipline?

D. Osher, George G. Bear, Jeffrey R. Sprague, Walter Doyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

209 Scopus citations


School discipline addresses schoolwide, classroom, and individual student needs through broad prevention, targeted intervention, and development of self-discipline. Schools often respond to disruptive students with exclusionary and punitive approaches that have limited value. This article surveys three approaches to improving school discipline practices and student behavior: ecological approaches to classroom management; schoolwide positive behavioral supports; and social and emotional learning. The article examines their epistemological and empirical roots and supporting research, suggesting ways to combine approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-58
Number of pages11
JournalEducational Researcher
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010


  • At-risk students
  • School psychology
  • Student behavior/attitude
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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