How Americans communicate affection: findings from a representative national sample

Kory Floyd, Mark T. Morman, Jeannette Maré, Elizabeth Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Humans are highly social beings who need intimate relationships to thrive and survive. Integral to human physical and emotional wellness is the need for affection. A substantial body of evidence has found that expressing and receiving affection with significant others is associated with a multitude of positive health outcomes. The primary goal of the current study was to create a generalizable typology of affectionate behaviors embedded within close relationships and experienced within the daily lives of U.S. American adults from across the country. The study identified 13 discrete forms of daily affectionate communication. Implications for such a typology of daily affection within the United States are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-409
Number of pages27
JournalCommunication Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021


  • Affection
  • affection exchange theory
  • affectionate communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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