The host range of φCPAR39 is limited to four Chlamydophila species: C. abortus, C. caviae, C. pecorum, and C. pneumoniae. Chp3 (a newly discovered bacteriophage isolated from C. pecorum) shares three of these hosts (C. abortus, C. caviae, and C. pecorum) but can additionally infect Chlamydophila felis. The ability to support replication was directly correlated with the binding properties of the respective bacteriophages with their host species. Binding studies also show that φCPAR39 and Chp3 use different host receptors to infect the same host cells: cell binding is sensitive to proteinase K treatment, confirming that the chlamydiaphage receptors are proteinaceous in nature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology