High-spatial-resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography of abdominal arteries with parallel acquisition at 3.0 T: Initial experience in 32 patients

Kambiz Nael, Roya Saleh, Margaret Lee, Thomas McNamara, Sergio R. Godinez, Gerhard Laub, J. Paul Finn, Stefan G. Ruehm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate an isotropic high-spatial-resolution 3D contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) protocol with high acceleration parallel acquisition at 3.0 T for the display of the abdominal vasculature. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Thirty-two consecutive patients (13 men, 19 women; age range, 28-88 years) with suspected abdominal arterial disease underwent abdominal 3D CE-MRA on a 3.0-T MR system, using a high-spatial-resolution (0.7 x 0.82 x 0.8 mm3) 3D gradient-refocused echo (GRE) sequence, integrated with a generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) technique with an acceleration factor of 3. Two vascular radiologists evaluated image quality and the presence and degree of arterial stenoses. Interobserver variability was calculated, using the kappa coefficient. The sensitivity and specificity of the technique were calculated and comparative analysis was performed with those of conventional catheter angiography (in eight patients) as the standard of reference. RESULTS. The abdominal arterial vasculature was visualized with diagnostic image quality in all subjects. Arterial stenoses were detected in 148 and 142 arterial segments by observer 1 and observer 2, respectively, with good interobserver agreement (κ = 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69-0.81). The sensitivity and specificity values for CE-MRA for the detection of significant (> 50%) arterial stenoses were 100% and 96% for observer 1 and 100% and 92% for observer 2, respectively. There was a significant correlation between CE-MRA and conventional angiography (R = 0.96 and 0.93 for observers 1 and 2, respectively) for the assessment of the degree of stenosis. CONCLUSION. The outlined MR angiography protocol at 3.0 T combined with parallel acquisition technique renders highly reliable and isotropic high-spatial-resolution imaging of the abdominal vasculature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235
Number of pages1
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • 3.0 T or high magnetic field
  • Abdomen
  • Conventional angiography
  • MR angiography
  • MR technique
  • Parallel acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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