Herbicide resistance: Economic and environmental challenges

David J. Pannell, Pascal Tillie, Emilio Rodríguez-Cerezo, David Ervin, George B. Frisvold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This article presents comparative perspectives from Australia, the European Union, and the United States from a plenary session, "Herbicide resistance: Challenges for Farmers and Implications for the Environment" at the 19th Annual Conference of the International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research. Herbicide-resistant (HR) weeds threaten the sustainability of herbicidetolerant (HT) crops, pose environmental risks from alternative weed control methods, and are altering public and private research and development programs. Institutional responses to HR weeds across the three regions, while confronting similar problems (in some respects, but not others), are taking different forms. The article discusses public policies and private-sector strategies to address weed resistance problems. Considerations of HR weeds are already transforming regulatory approval processes for new HT crop varieties. We conclude by discussing over-arching public policy and agricultural research challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-155
Number of pages20
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016


  • Australia
  • Biotechnology
  • Economics
  • European Union
  • Herbicide-resistant crops
  • Herbicide-resistant weeds
  • Integrated weed management
  • Regulation
  • United States
  • Weed seed control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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