Hepatic mixed function oxygenase activity and glutathione S-transferase activity in mice following ethanol consumption and withdrawal

Rick G. Schnellmann, David A. Wiersma, Debra J. Randall, Thomas L. Smith, I. Glenn Sipes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The effect of an 8 day liquid diet containing 7% v/v ethanol and the effect of ethanol withdrawal on several drug metabolizing enzyme activities, cytochrome P-450 content and glutathione S-transferase activity (GST) has been studied in male C57/BL mice. After treatment, hepatic microsomal activities toward benzphetamine (BNZ), biphenyl (BPH) and dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) and cytosolic GST activity towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) were determined. Ethanol treatment caused a differential time dependent increase in the metabolism of the 4 xenobiotics. Increased BPH-4-hydroxylase activity correlated most closely with that of the increased concentration of hepatic P-450. That is, both values were increased (5.8-fold) over controls after 8 days of ethanol treatment. Ethanol withdrawal (24 h) resulted in a 46% reduction in the P-450 content and a 26% reduction in BPH-4-hydroxylase activity compared to the elevated values at day 8. By 48 h, the values were no different from controls. DNA-N-demethylase, BNZ-N-demethylase and GST activities all increased after 4 days of ethanol treatment and remained the same at 8 days. However, ethanol withdrawal resulted in differential time dependent changes in the activities towards BNZ, DMN, and CDNB. While DMN-N-demethylase activity returned to control activity within 24 h, BNZ-N-demethylase activity did not change for the first 24 h of withdrawal, but returned to control activity by 48 h. GST activity had not decreased by 48 h of withdrawal. These data suggest that ethanol induces several cytochrome P-450 isozymes that have a time difference in induction by ethanol and reduction following ethanol withdrawal. Furthermore, ethanol induction of GSTs occurs quickly (4 days) and remains elevated at least 48 h after ethanol withdrawal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1984


  • Ethanol induction
  • Ethanol withdrawal
  • Glutathione S-transferase
  • Mice
  • Mixed function oxygenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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