Hematopoietic prostaglandin D2 synthase in the chicken Harderian gland

T. R. Scott, A. R. Messersmith, W. J. McCrary, J. L. Herlong, S. C. Burgess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The Harderian gland (HG), a sero-mucous secreting organ in the eye orbit, has long been recognized as immunologically important in chickens. During experimentation to characterize immune components of the gland, proteomics analysis revealed the presence of hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (H-PGDS). Extraction of total RNA followed by RT-PCR produced cDNA of 597 base pairs. DNA sequencing revealed nucleic acid and predicted amino acid sequences that were 99% aligned with the one published sequence for chicken H-PGDS of the spleen. Alignment with murine, rat, and human H-PGDS were 69, 69, and 66%, respectively. Ocular vaccination of chickens with a Newcastle Disease/Infectious Bronchitis vaccine (Mass.-Ark. Strain) induced an increase in H-PGDS expression determined by real-time PCR. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry of frozen HG sections showed positive stained cells for both H-PGDS and mast cell tryptase in the sub-epithelial cell layers of the HG ducts. Based on the potent vasoactive role of PGD2, it appears that the chicken HG is a site of active mucosal immunity partially mediated by PGD2 synthesized by H-PGDS in the gland.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-306
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 15 2005


  • Class-Sigma GST
  • H-PGD synthase
  • Harderian gland
  • PGD
  • Prostaglandin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • General Veterinary


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