Helicobacter pylori treatment knowledge, access and barriers: A cross-sectional study

Kimberly S. Bailey, Heidi E. Brown, Viktor Lekic, Kathi Pradeep, Juanita L. Merchant, Robin B. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is among the most common bacterial infections in the world and one of the most common infectious agents linked to malignancy, gastric cancer (GC). Within the US there is high disparity in the rates of Hp infection and associated diseases. Hp infection is treatable, and knowledge may influence screening and treatment seeking behaviors. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study of 1042 respondents recruited from the Online Amazon MTurk platform, we sought to assess baseline knowledge of Hp and to gain insight into barriers related to Hp care. Results: Just over half (52.3%) reported some prior knowledge of Hp with 11.7% (n = 122) reporting being treated for Hp themselves and 21.4% reporting family members diagnosed with Hp. Of respondents reporting prior treatment, 95 (78%) reported GI upset and 27 (21%) reported not completing medications. Specific to Hp and GC, 70% indicated that a belief that the treatment was worse than the symptoms would affect their willingness to seek care, while 81% indicated knowing Hp can cause GC would affect their treatment decisions and knowing their gastric symptoms were caused by Hp would affect their willingness to receive care. Conclusions: Knowledge of Hp in this US sample of online respondents is low and self-reported difficulties with treatment compliance is high. Increasing awareness of this infection and addressing the challenges to treatment compliance could potentially reduce rates of Hp antibiotic resistance and progression to GC or other complications of Hp infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12954
JournalHelicobacter
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • attitude
  • compliance
  • helicobacter pylori
  • knowledge
  • practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases

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