Health-related quality-of-life results from multinational clinical trials of insulin lispro: Assesing benefits of a new diabetes therapy

James G. Kotsanos, Louis Vignati, William Huster, Carol Andrejasich, Mary Beth Boggs, Alan M. Jacobson, David Marrero, Susan D. Mathias, Donald Patrick, Sunita Zalani, James Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE - To compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with diabetes receiving insulin lispro with patients receiving regular human insulin (Humulin R). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We performed two randomized comparative studies over a 6-month period (3 months per treatment). Primary analyses used crossover baseline to 3-month changes in HRQOL scores. Ninety-three principal investigators in Canada, France, Germany, and the U.S. participated in these studies. One HRQOL crossover study included 468 patients with type l diabetes; the other HRQOL crossover study included 474 patients with type II diabetes. In both studies, patients were taking insulin at least 2 months before enrollment. Primary outcomes included two generic HRQOL domains, energy/fatigue and health distress, and two diabetes-specific domains, treatment satisfaction and treatment flexibility. Thirty secondary outcomes included both generic and diabetes- specific measures. Secondary outcome domains were controlled for multiplicity in the analyses. RESULT - Primary analyses showed that treatment satisfaction scores (P < 0.001) and treatment flexibility scores (P = 0.001) were higher for insulin lispro in type I diabetic patients. No other significant treatment differences were detected using the data from these 6 month crossover studies. CONCLUSIONS - Treatment satisfaction and treatment flexibility were significantly improved in patients with type I diabetes using insulin lispro. Other HRQOL findings were comparable for insulin lispro and regular human insulin. Insulin lispro appears to have a measurable impact on lifestyle benefits in patients with type 1 diabetes, as demonstrated by increased treatment satisfaction and treatment flexibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)948-958
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes care
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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