Health and Medical Economics Applied to Integrative Medicine

Kenneth R. Pelletier, Patricia M. Herman, R. Douglas Metz, Craig F. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Cost-benefit analyses (CBA) of every aspect of health and medical care are a necessity to address both the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of health and medical care for the purpose of allocating limited practitioner, organizational, governmental, and monetary resources while maintaining the highest quality outcomes. In response, there are an array of approaches that emphasize the full continuum of prevention, restructuring primary care, involvement of the workplace and communities, and adoption of innovative strategies and interventions ranging from genomic assessments to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Among these approaches is an integrative medicine (IM) model that is consistent with these national objectives and that uniquely and explicitly includes "evidence-based global medical strategies" in its definition. All of these strategies require rigorous, appropriate, state-of-the art medical economic analyses. Since few if any IM models have been rigorously evaluated in terms of CBA, it is possible to draw upon the cost-effectiveness research focused on a limited number of CAM modalities as well as from the work-site/corporate clinical and cost outcomes research to suggest the evidence-based foundation from which a true healthcare system will evolve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Integrative medicine
  • Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH)
  • clinical outcomes
  • complementary and alternative medicine
  • cost outcomes
  • evidence based
  • medical economics
  • prevention
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Analysis
  • Chiropractics
  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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