HD 104860 and HD 192758: Two Debris Disks Newly Imaged in Scattered Light with the Hubble Space Telescope

Choquet, G. Bryden, M. D. Perrin, R. Soummer, J. C. Augereau, C. H. Chen, J. H. Debes, E. Gofas-Salas, J. B. Hagan, D. C. Hines, D. Mawet, F. Morales, L. Pueyo, A. Rajan, B. Ren, G. Schneider, C. C. Stark, S. Wolff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the first scattered-light images of two debris disks around the F8 star HD 104860 and the F0V star HD 192758, respectively ∼45 and ∼67 pc away. We detected these systems in the F110W and F160W filters through our reanalysis of archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) NICMOS data with modern starlight-subtraction techniques. Our image of HD 104860 confirms the morphology previously observed by Herschel in thermal emission with a well-defined ring at a radius of ∼114 au inclined by ∼58°. Although the outer edge profile is consistent with dynamical evolution models, the sharp inner edge suggests sculpting by unseen perturbers. Our images of HD 192758 reveal a disk at radius ∼95 au inclined by ∼59°, never resolved so far. These disks have low scattering albedos of 10% and 13%, respectively, inconsistent with water ice grain compositions. They are reminiscent of several other disks with similar inclination and scattering albedos: Fomalhaut, HD 92945, HD 202628, and HD 207129. They are also very distinct from brighter disks in the same inclination bin, which point to different compositions between these two populations. Varying scattering albedo values can be explained by different grain porosities, chemical compositions, or grain size distributions, which may indicate distinct formation mechanisms or dynamical processes at work in these systems. Finally, these faint disks with large infrared excesses may be representative of an underlying population of systems with low albedo values. Searches with more sensitive instruments on HST or on the James Webb Space Telescope and using state-of-the art starlight-subtraction methods may help discover more of such faint systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number53
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume854
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2018

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • stars: individual (HD 104860, HD 192758)
  • techniques: image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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