Hawaii 167 and Q0059-2735: Heavily dust-enshrouded young QSOS

E. Egami, F. Iwamuro, T. Maihara, S. Oya, L. L. Cowie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Using the OH-airglow suppressor spectrograph at the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope and the CGS4 spectrometer at the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, we have found exceptionally large Balmer decrements in two unusual high-z QSOs, Hawaii 167 (z = 2.36, Hα/Hβ = 13.) and Q0059-2735 (z =1.59, Hα/Hβ = 7.6), the latter being a so-called low-ionization broad absorption line QSO (BALQSO). We argue that these objects are young QSOs heavily enshrouded by dust. In fact, the internal reddening might be so large as to completely extinguish the QSO light in the restframe UV, allowing us to see the underlying stellar population. Our possible detection of the 4000 Å break in Hawaii 167 supports this idea. Its small amplitude indicates a very young age for the population, ∼15 Myrs. To explain the properties of these QSOs, we propose a model in which a young QSO is surrounded by a shell of young massive stars mixed with significant amounts of dust. We predict that as the QSO emerges from this dust cocoon, it will eventually take on the appearance of a normal BALQSO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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