Hardware Development of Hybrid-Sensor Cameras and Gantry for an Adaptive SPECT System

R. Garrett Richards, Maria Ruiz-Gonzalez, Micaehla May, Kimberly J. Doty, Kesava S. Kalluri, Navid Zeraatkar, Benjamin Auer, Michael A. King, Phillip H. Kuo, Lars R. Furenlid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stationary single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) systems offer numerous advantages over rotating-head systems, but have one notable drawback in that the array of relatively smaller cameras contains more edges and gaps than clinical two headed systems. Scintillation events occurring at the edges of traditional photomultiplier-tube (PMT)-based SPECT cameras lose spatial resolution due to loss of light-sampling. Simulations using customized non-sequential raytracing scripts to model and analyze mean detector response functions (MDRFs) showed significant improvement in spatial resolution for hybrid-sensor cameras employing both silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) and PMTs. The results inform the hardware design of AdaptiSPECT-C: a stationary clinical whole-brain SPECT imager with adaptive apertures for selective dynamic or high spatial resolution imaging. Its modular hybrid cameras use SiPMs to augment the PMTs and improve spatial resolution for position estimation tasks. SiPMs, having a small pitch and efficient fill factor, are employed as a border around the edges of each detector area. PMTs, being low cost and reliable, are packed in the center. The front end electronics are split into two main boards: one to drive and provide signal conditioning for the PMTs, and the other performing a similar function for the SiPMs. Ultimately, 81 total signal channels leave each camera as negative voltage pulses. AdaptiSPECT-C will have two equatorial rings of 10 cameras each and a quasi-vertex ring of 4 cameras, totaling 24. Modularity is the guiding design principle for the mechanical components of the cameras and ensures ease of assembly and field service in the completed system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728176932
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2020 - Boston, United States
Duration: Oct 31 2020Nov 7 2020

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2020

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston
Period10/31/2011/7/20

Keywords

  • Gamma-ray detectors
  • Molecular imaging
  • Ray tracing
  • Silicon radiation detectors
  • Single photon emission computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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