Halo and subhalo demographics with Planck cosmological parameters: Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck simulations

Aldo Rodríguez-Puebla, Peter Behroozi, Joel Primack, Anatoly Klypin, Christoph Lee, Doug Hellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations


We report and provide fitting functions for the abundance of dark matter haloes and subhaloes as a function of mass, circular velocity, and redshift from the new Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck ΛCDM cosmological simulations, based on the Planck parameters. We also report halo mass accretion rates and concentrations. We show that the higher cosmological matter density of the Planck parameters compared with the WMAP parameters leads to higher abundance of massive haloes at high redshifts. We find that the median halo spin parameter ΛB = J (√ 2MvirRvirVvir)-1 is nearly independent of redshift, leading to predicted evolution of galaxy sizes that is consistent with observations, while the significant decrease with redshift in median ΛP = J |E|-1/2G -1M -5/2 predicts more decrease in galaxy sizes than is observed. Using the Tully-Fisher and Faber-Jackson relations between galaxy velocity and mass, we show that a simple model of how galaxy velocity is related to halo maximum circular velocity leads to increasing overprediction of cosmic stellar mass density as redshift increases beyond z ~ 1, implying that such velocity-mass relations must change at z ≾ 1. By making a realistic model of how observed galaxy velocities are related to halo circular velocity, we show that recent optical and radio observations of the abundance of galaxies are in good agreement with our ΛCDM simulations. Our halo demographics are based on updated versions of the ROCKSTAR and CONSISTENT TREES codes, and this paper includes appendices explaining all of their outputs. This paper is an introduction to a series of related papers presenting other analyses of the Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-916
Number of pages24
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 11 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Haloes - dark matter
  • Methods
  • Numerical - galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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