Hα Reverberation Mapping of the Intermediate-mass Active Galactic Nucleus in NGC 4395

Hojin Cho, Jong Hak Woo, Tommaso Treu, Peter R. Williams, Stephen F. Armen, Aaron J. Barth, Vardha N. Bennert, Wanjin Cho, Alexei V. Filippenko, Elena Gallo, Jaehyuk Geum, Diego González-Buitrago, Kayhan Gültekin, Edmund Hodges-Kluck, John C. Horst, Seong Hyeon Hwang, Wonseok Kang, Minjin Kim, Taewoo Kim, Douglas C. LeonardMatthew A. Malkan, Raymond P. Remigio, David J. Sand, Jaejin Shin, Donghoon Son, Hyun Il Sung, U. Vivian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We present the results of a high-cadence spectroscopic and imaging monitoring campaign of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) of NGC 4395. High signal-to-noise-ratio spectra were obtained at the Gemini-N 8 m telescope using the GMOS integral field spectrograph (IFS) on 2019 March 7 and at the Keck I 10 m telescope using the Low-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer with slit masks on 2019 March 3 and April 2. Photometric data were obtained with a number of 1 m-class telescopes during the same nights. The narrow-line region (NLR) is spatially resolved; therefore, its variable contributions to the slit spectra make the standard procedure of relative flux calibration impractical. We demonstrate that spatially resolved data from the IFS can be effectively used to correct the slit-mask spectral light curves. While we obtained no reliable lag owing to the lack of a strong variability pattern in the light curves, we constrain the broad-line time lag to be less than 3 hr, consistent with the photometric lag of ∼80 minutes reported by Woo et al. By exploiting the high-quality spectra, we measure the second moment of the broad component of the Hα emission line to be 586 ± 19 km s-1, superseding the lower value reported by Woo et al. Combining the revised line dispersion and the photometric time lag, we update the black hole mass to (1.7 ± 0.3) × 104 M⊙.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number98
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 10 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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